This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon Europe research and innovation program under grant agreement No 101058670.
from and for home appliances, toys and textile
PRecycling in a Nutshell
PRecycling aims to produce high-quality recyclates from plastics waste streams by developing an easy-to-use methodology for sorting, sampling, tracing, recycling techniques, and analysis procedures of both plastic waste streams (PWS) and recyclates, and to assess the environmental and financial viability of them in selected waste management processes for plastics waste and secondary raw materials, in order to change the current paradigm of low cost non-environmentally friendly actions such as landfilling.
The project will tackle the actual challenges for the management of the EoL (End-of-life) TP (thermoplastic) materials and their recycling and design novel schemes to enhance the circularity of future products made of these materials. The target is to ensure recyclate consistent quality and safe use in products for home appliances, toys, and textiles, showing that high-quality, unique materials made from such waste can be reused, both within the same and new supply chains and products. The proposed methodology and process chain of PRecycling are expected to have a significant societal impact apart from commercial and industry interest and it could be adapted by many other sectors such as packaging and automotive.
The recycling of plastic waste as a sustainable alternative to the production of toys
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Synergy between PRecycling and Primus projects: cooperating towards the circularity in the plastics sector
NTUA has extensive experience and a long-term track record in the coordination of large-scale, EU (Horizon 2020, FP7) and national funded R&D projects. Expertise: mechanical recycling of polymers via remelting-restabilization and chain extension, materials processing (extruders and melt\wet spinning lines), nanomaterials. PRecycling: project coordination, polymers reprocessing and upcycling, extrusion activities, filaments production, theoretical investigation of the polymer-solvent equilibrium for purification processes, characterization; a toolbox of technologies for PRecycling polymer recycling/upcycling to produce demonstrators.
DTU is represented by the research group Quantitative Sustainability Assessment (QSA) from the Department of Environmental and Resource Engineering, which has extensive research activity in the development and application of life-cycle-based methods and tools for decision-support concerning the environmental sustainability of products, systems and technologies. DTU will lead WP6, conducting mainly LCA to quantify potential impacts on ecosystems, human health and natural resources associated with the developed technologies and systems.
BASF is a global leading chemical company with the aspiration to create chemistry for a sustainable future, bundling know-how for circular polymers and diverse polymer value chains. BASF will lead WP3, adding method development capabilities, instrumental abilities as well as broad industrial perspectives on polymer value chains and circular economy. Based on ongoing initiatives around polymer additives for recycling, tracking and tracing value chain pilots (such as the ReciChain project in Brasil and Canada), as well as comprehensive recycling projects at scale, BASF will contribute industry perspectives and guidance for scaling and future implementation.
CTB is a scientific and technical centre for the textile and plastics industry with extensive research activity in plastics characterisation, processing, and recycling of thermoplastic textiles. CTB will contribute mainly to WP2, investigating the removal of additives from waste plastics fractions through scCO2 extraction. Besides the removal of additives, Centexbel will also work on the development of 100% circular polyester textiles demonstrators in WP5.
ARCELIK is a leading industry of household appliances for more than 60 years with extensive experience and expertise in the production of plastic composite parts for home appliance applications. Their R&D department is dedicated to developing sustainable material technologies for their own home appliance solutions, and ARC will contribute to compound and analyse recyclates (WP2, WP3), and manufacture 3 prototypes (WP5) tested in terms of performance using their 2 licenced WEEE Recycling facilities.
AIJU is a Research Institute for children’s products, promoting innovation and knowledge for companies and organisations. AIJU will provide its pilot plant (Circular Industry project) to separate waste residues from toys, textiles, and shoes in different material fractions. AIJU will contribute to defining requirements for the Safety of toys, analysing the recycled materials before and after contaminant elimination, developing toy project demonstrators in WP5, be in a chair in children and family social awareness of the general perception of recycled plastics and carrying out dissemination activities among the relevant stakeholders, due to its experience.
COOLREC is a large industry dedicated to waste management of WEEE and plastics with semi- and fully automatic processes for e.g. fridges, large and small domestic appliances, WEEE plastics and non-ferrous mixture. Moreover, COL laboratories are equipped suitably to provide materials quality assessment and mechanical performance characterization (including an injection moulding machine). COL will contribute mainly to sorting activities and analysis of recycling material and recyclates (WP2, WP3), but also will support other WPs.
MIRTEC is a Technological Company active in Applied Research, Technological Development, Certification and Quality Control in a wide range of inorganic and organic materials and products. MIR will contribute to activities related to materials analysis and characterization, depollution efficiency and ageing testing, supporting most WPs.
IRES is an R&D consulting company in environmental and health safety fields with extensive expertise in Safe-by-Design implementation and NanoSafety, performing LCA & LCC analysis on new products and processes. IRES will contribute mainly to WP6, leading tasks of safe-by-design and Occupational exposure and of LCC/TEA
IVV Fraunhofer is a Research Centre with 20 years of experience in the solvent-based separation of plastic mixtures producing recycled polymers with defined virgin-like properties and in material characterization, including identification of odorous substances in diverse types of polymers. Fraunhofer will mainly contribute to WP2 and WP3, implementing a selective separation to improve selectivity results, analysis for the presence of hazardous substances, removal impurities and legacy additives and production recyclates of high quality.
AIMEN is a Research Centre with extensive experience in the development and deployment of photonic monitoring and optimisation solutions and the development of technologies that improve urban-industrial waste treatment. AIMEN will contribute to developing substance material flow analysis, a multi-sensing LIBS+RS system as an analysis tool for sorting and tracing operations (WP2, WP4).
BIOG3D is an R&D company and 3D printing services, providing end-to-end solutions for AM product development. BIOG3D will be mainly engaged with the design and development of an inclusive 3D printed toy demo case made of recyclate filament, the filament production, as well as the printability and safety assessment.
EuPC is the leading EU-level Trade Association, representing close to 50.000 European plastics converters, producing over 45 million tonnes of plastic products every year. EuPC will contribute to the dissemination, communication and exploitation activities, enabling the dissemination of the project results to a large number of SMEs, and designing the branding of the project. Also, EuPC will work, in cooperation with other partners, on the development of blockchain technology via its online platform MORE.
STRATAGEM is an independent Research and Innovation company providing insightful, timely and focused technical services and research on Engineering solutions, grouped with Business services. STRATA will contribute to WP7 to define the communication and exploitation strategy, maximizing the expected impacts of PRecycling.
NTNU and Advanced and Sustainable Engineering Materials Laboratory (ASEMlab) present research and education activities in testing, characterization, recycling, modelling and non-destructive evaluation of renewable materials, polymers, and advanced composites. NTNU will contribute to the degradation degree study, ageing testing and prediction of degradation and lifetime of new polymeric products’ (WP3, 4 & 6).
CIRCULARISE enables item-level transparency and traceability by leveraging blockchain (for increased trust) & zero-knowledge cryptography (to protect confidential data). This data can be used to close loops more efficiently. By redesigning future products and supply chains we can make sure that closing the circular supply chain loops is not only possible but also economically interesting. Circularise thereby tackles the obstacles of a lack of digital infrastructure and standardisation and allows data sharing with validated proof of its validity without sharing sensitive data. It enables data sharing that fully solves the dilemma between transparency and confidentiality.
In PRecycling, Circularise enables the use of private data of companies, their materials, production and further supply chain information without sharing the private data. Circularise, therefore, provides access to product-specific full data of a product, via a question-answer mechanism. Circularise will contribute mainly to developing a digital tracing methodology for transparent, circular and safe-to-use products made from high-quality recyclates.
REGION of ATTICA is a second-level local government organisation, which has its headquarters in Athens, Greece and consists of eight Regional Divisions. Region of Attica presides over the “Association of Municipalities in the Attica Region, for the Solid Waste Management”, focusing on the temporary storage, treatment, recovery and disposal of solid waste, the operation of relevant facilities, the construction of treatment and recovery units, as well as the restoration of existing disposal sites in Attica region. ROA will contribute to enhancing society's engagement in PRecycling targets through the active collaboration of people for toys recycling and dissemination activities for the wide public (WP1, WP6, WP7).
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